Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a kind of depression brought on by a seasonal shift, often as fall arrives. Before fading in the brighter spring days, this seasonal sadness usually develops stronger in the late fall or early winter. People with this mood disorder exhibit symptoms of depression during a specific period, despite having normal mental health for most of the year.

While it is most commonly experienced during the winter, a variant of SAD, known as “summer depression”, affects certain people in late spring or early summer and finishes in the fall.

The condition is often confused with winter blues; however, it differs in the following ways:

• Winter blues do not hinder regular activities, while SAD interferes with day-to-day activities.
• Winter blues bring on a sense of sorrow, while SAD brings on depression.
• Winter blues are restricted to the wintertime, while SAD can happen in the summer.
• Winter blues cannot be officially diagnosed, while SAD can.
• Winter blues can be treated with lifestyle modification, while SAD requires treatment and medication.

Here are some ways you can try to ease and diminish your symptoms of SAD:

• Attempt to obtain as much natural sunshine as you can.
• Exercise frequently and a lot, especially outside in the sunshine.
• By altering your outlook on events through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
• By using light therapy to replace the lost sunlight during the gloomy winter months. This involves spending at least 30 to 60 minutes each morning seated under a unique lamp known as a lightbox.
• By taking anti-depressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, on a doctor’s prescription. These are comparatively safer, with fewer side effects than others.

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